1． with ＋名词（代词）＋介词短语
He sat there thinking, with his chin on his hand．
The old man stood there, with his back against the
Mary was sitting near the fire, with her back
towards the door．
2． with ＋名词（代词）＋形容词
He stared at his friend with his mouth wide open．
The man raised his head with eyes full of wonder and
He stood there trembling, with his face red with
3． with ＋名词（代词）＋副词
With production up by 60％, the company has had
another excellent year．
The stupid Emperor walked in the procession with
The naughty boy stood before his teacher with his
He put on his socks with the wrong side out．
4． with ＋名词（代词）＋名词
She used to sit reading in the evening with her pet
dog her only companion．
He died with his daughter yet a schoolgirl．
5． with ＋名词（代词）＋现在分词
She stood there chatting with her friend, with her
child playing beside her．
With you helping me whenever I’m in trouble, I feel
very obliged to you．
6． with ＋名词（代词）＋分词
“I think we can leave with our heads held high,”
Eriksson said． “We came out of the toughest group, beat
Argentina, beat Denmark in a convincing way．”
The goalkeeper left Jap
an with his flaws laid bare．
7． with ＋名词（代词）＋不定式
With 10 minutes to go, you’d better hurry．
With you to lead us, our group is sure to succeed．
例８ With Mary to help him, he is sure to succeed.
例９ The girl reached a river bank with so many flowers on both banks.
例１０ Mother looked at me with tears in her eyes.
例１１ With night coming on, we started for home.
例１２ The boy lay on the grass, with his eyes looking at the sky.
例１３ With so much work to do, we had to sit up through the night.
【省略特征】 with独立主格结构中的省略主要是指在“with + n + 介词短语”结构中的省略，其特点是省去with及介词短语中的名词修饰词，也：“n + 介词 + n”。
例１４ She ran to the hero, flowers in hand.